Kurt Friedrich Gödel was born on April 28,1906, in what was at that time Brünn, a city in the Austrian-Hungarian Monarchy, today's Brno in Czech Republic. He was the son of Rudolf Gödel and Marianne Handschuh and had one elder brother, Rudolf. His father was the owner of a textile firm in Brünn. After attending school in Brünn and graduating with honors, Kurt enrolled at the University of Vienna in 1923, where he completed his doctoral dissertation under Hans Hahn in 1929. In 1930 he became a member of the same university, which he would remain until 1938, the year that Austria became part of nazi Germany (the Anschluß). During these years he made several visits abroad: to the Institute of Advanced Study in Princeton, in 1933-1934, 1935 and 1938; to Göttingen in 1938 where he gave some lectures on set theory, and to Notre Dame in 1939. In 1938 Gödel married the six year older Adele Porkert who worked at the Viennese night club Der Nachtfalter. In 1940 Gödel, who after the Anschluß saw his position as Privatdozent at the university not continued and who was afraid to be drafted into the army, left Europe with his wife via the Trans-Siberian railway and arrived in the US on March 4, 1940. They settled in Princeton, where Gödel became a member of the Institute of Advanced Study, and held a chair from 1953 until his death. Gödel died on January 14, 1978.
During his life Gödel received several prizes and honourable memberships (and rejected some others). Among the prizes he received are the Einstein Award (1951) and the National Medal of Science (1974). He was a member of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States, a fellow of the Royal Society, a member of the Institute of France, a fellow of the Royal Academy and an Honorary Member of the London Mathematical Society.